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The piece is named for Euclid (365 BC - 300 BC), the most prominent mathematician of antiquity. Of all the great names connected with Alexandria, that of Euclid is the best known. He compiled all of the geometrical knowledge up to his time with proofs in his famous 13-volume treatise, "The Elements." This geometry text is still in use today. His influence on mathematics of both the ancient and contemporary world is without parallel.